Chico science & nação zumbi - maracatu atômico


Zumbi's mother Sabina was a sister of Ganga Zumba who is said to have been the son of princess Aqualtune, daughter of an unknown King of Kongo. It is unknown if Zumbi's mother was also daughter of the princess, but this still makes him related to the Kongo nobility. Zumbi and his relatives are of Western African descent. They were brought to the Americas after the Battle of Mbwila , which occurred in modern day Angola. The Portuguese won the battle eventually killing 5,000 men and captured the King, his two sons, his two nephews, four governors, various court officials, 95 title holders and 400 other nobles which were put on ships and sold as slaves in the Americas. It is very probable that Ganga and Sabina were among these nobles. The whereabouts of the rest of the individuals captured after the Battle of Mbwila is unknown. Some are believed to have been sent to Spanish America, but Ganga Zumba his Brother Zona and Sabina were made slaves at the plantation of Santa Rita in the Captaincy of Pernambuco in what is now northeast Brazil. From there, they escaped to Palmares.

During the tenure of the Portuguese court in Rio de Janeiro (1808–22), the colony’s ideas of self-governance emerged. When it gained its independence in 1822, the newly declared Brazilian Empire had to forge a national culture , and Romanticism became its vehicle. An important link between the Minas school and the Romantics is the statesman and poet José Bonifácio de Andrada e Silva , known as the “patriarch of Brazilian independence,” since it was he who counseled the prince regent Dom Pedro (later Emperor Pedro I ) to declare Brazil’s autonomy from Portugal. The preface to Andrada’s Poesias avulsas (1825; “Sundry Papers”) is a pre-Romantic manifesto condemning Arcadianism’s emphasis on reason, order, and formalism and advocating a more original and passionate voice. However, the ideas of science, reason, and progress emanating from the European Enlightenment were still to play a major ideological role in promoting liberalism , a concept incorporated as a foundational ideal for the nation, even though it flourished only for a cultural and intellectual elite. In practice Brazil continued to be a slave-holding society until the 1880s.


Chico Science & Nação Zumbi - Maracatu AtômicoChico Science & Nação Zumbi - Maracatu AtômicoChico Science & Nação Zumbi - Maracatu AtômicoChico Science & Nação Zumbi - Maracatu Atômico

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